fbpx

What is 5G? What advantages does it offer when compared to 4G?

2019 is the year of smartphones 5G started popping up. Several countries did start offering 5G connections in 2019. However, what exactly is 5G? The word G refers to the generation alias generation. So 5G is the fifth generation of cellular wireless. Currently, cellular and smartphone networks generally support up to 4G the fourth generation, although with various improvements it is often followed by a comma like 4.5G. As a newer generation, 5G naturally offers advantages over 4G. Even so, it will take time for 5G to be implemented en masse.

 5g service near me , a5g networks , visible 5g , 5g types , best 5g network 2021 , 5g at home , truth about 5g , fastest 5g network , 5g for home internet , 5 g network , visible wireless 5g , verizon 5g slow , 5g cu , largest 5g network , verizon 5g ultra wideband , 5g internet for home , stand alone 5g , 5g wireless , 5g mm wave , best 5g network in my area , fastest 5g network in the world , shaw 5g , home 5g internet , 5g home internet , 5 g internet , private 5g , 5g ghz , types of 5g , 5g home , 3gpp 5g , will 5g replace wifi , ultra wideband 5g , 5g 3gpp , 5g service , 5g network near me , firstnet 5g , marvell 5g , 5g explained , 5g fixed wireless , 5g ultra wideband , verizon 5g cost , intel 5g , 5g wireless internet , gsma 5g , what 5g , 5g internet , tmobile 5g network , 5g service near me , a5g networks , visible 5g , 5g types , best 5g network 2021 , 5g at home , truth about 5g , fastest 5g network , 5g for home internet , 5 g network , visible wireless 5g , verizon 5g slow , 5g cu , largest 5g network , verizon 5g ultra wideband , 5g internet for home , stand alone 5g , 5g wireless , 5g mm wave , best 5g network in my area , fastest 5g network in the world , shaw 5g , home 5g internet , 5g home internet , 5 g internet , private 5g , 5g ghz , types of 5g , 5g home , 3gpp 5g , will 5g replace wifi , ultra wideband 5g , 5g 3gpp , 5g service , 5g network near me , firstnet 5g , marvell 5g , 5g explained , 5g fixed wireless , 5g ultra wideband , verizon 5g cost , intel 5g , 5g wireless internet , gsma 5g , what 5g , best 5g network , 5g internet , verizon wireless 5g , verizon 5g wifi ,

Along with 5G, the word NR is often present, which stands for New Radio, new radio. Then what exactly 5G NR the? In line with its name which contains the word New Radio, 5G NR is a new air interface a new air interface aimed at 5G. The air interface is what connects the smartphone to the BTS aka the base transceiver station . Air interfaces that were previously popular, for example, are LTE and W-CDMA.

5G is sparking debate on its ecological, societal and health risks. However, beyond the reluctance and advantages, this new technology brings progress. If it raises questions, as is often the case with the appearance of a new technology, nothing allows for the moment to charge it with real dangers.

 

THE ARRIVAL OF A NEW TECHNOLOGY: A SYSTEMATIC DEBATE ISSUE

Today, there is some hysteria surrounding 5G. It is presented sometimes as the inevitable technological revolution that absolutely should not be missed, sometimes as an apocalyptic danger for our health, our freedoms, the planet. However, technological revolutions are like political revolutions: they are unpredictable, they have multifactorial causes. And above all, a revolution is unpredictable. A new technology may not bring the expected revolution, when another will impact society much more profoundly than what was predicted. A few years ago, it was predicted that in 2020, 50 billion connected objects would be available; but in 2019 there were only 7.6 billion. Likewise, the blockchain was to revolutionize the world of finance and kill the banks. If today it impacts the banking and monetary system, we are very far from a revolution. When Graham Bell invented the telephone, he thought he would revolutionize the world of culture by making it possible to listen to plays and operas at home: the social appropriation of his invention decided otherwise… Conversely, we have seen the arrival of revolutions whose scale we had not foreseen. This is the case of the smartphone which, coupled with 4G, streaming techniques and wi-fi, has been a real unexpected revolution. the social appropriation of his invention decided otherwise… Conversely, we have seen revolutions happen whose scale we had not foreseen. This is the case of the smartphone which, coupled with 4G, streaming techniques and wi-fi, has been a real unexpected revolution. the social appropriation of his invention decided otherwise… Conversely, we have seen revolutions happen whose scale we had not foreseen. This is the case of the smartphone which, coupled with 4G, streaming techniques and wi-fi, has been a real unexpected revolution.

6G is already being tested in laboratories. It’s a safe bet that it will also be presented by some as revolutionary while others will denounce it as a threat to humanity and the planet…

 5g service near me , a5g networks , visible 5g , 5g types , best 5g network 2021 , 5g at home , truth about 5g , fastest 5g network , 5g for home internet , 5 g network , visible wireless 5g , verizon 5g slow , 5g cu , largest 5g network , verizon 5g ultra wideband , 5g internet for home , stand alone 5g , 5g wireless , 5g mm wave , best 5g network in my area , fastest 5g network in the world , shaw 5g , home 5g internet , 5g home internet , 5 g internet , private 5g , 5g ghz , types of 5g , 5g home , 3gpp 5g , will 5g replace wifi , ultra wideband 5g , 5g 3gpp , 5g service , 5g network near me , firstnet 5g , marvell 5g , 5g explained , 5g fixed wireless , 5g ultra wideband , verizon 5g cost , intel 5g , 5g wireless internet , gsma 5g , what 5g , 5g internet , tmobile 5g network , 5g service near me , a5g networks , visible 5g , 5g types , best 5g network 2021 , 5g at home , truth about 5g , fastest 5g network , 5g for home internet , 5 g network , visible wireless 5g , verizon 5g slow , 5g cu , largest 5g network , verizon 5g ultra wideband , 5g internet for home , stand alone 5g , 5g wireless , 5g mm wave , best 5g network in my area , fastest 5g network in the world , shaw 5g , home 5g internet , 5g home internet , 5 g internet , private 5g , 5g ghz , types of 5g , 5g home , 3gpp 5g , will 5g replace wifi , ultra wideband 5g , 5g 3gpp , 5g service , 5g network near me , firstnet 5g , marvell 5g , 5g explained , 5g fixed wireless , 5g ultra wideband , verizon 5g cost , intel 5g , 5g wireless internet , gsma 5g , what 5g , best 5g network , 5g internet , verizon wireless 5g , verizon 5g wifi ,

THE SPECIFICITIES OF 5G

5G, the fifth generation of standards for mobile telephony, succeeds 4G, which is the current standard and which allows us, among other things, to use our smartphones on the Web. 5G differs in performance from 4G on three points: speed, latency (the time required for data to go from a transmitter to a receiver) and the density of the number of simultaneous connections.

5G speeds will be up to 10 times faster than 4G, so they are comparable to fiber. Latency is significantly reduced compared to 4G. This is decisive for applications in industry where exchanges of human-connected machines-robots data are constant and must be almost immediate, or in transport (autonomous or semi-autonomous vehicles). Finally, 5G is characterized by its density, since it will eventually allow the connection of 1 million devices per square kilometer, i.e. 10 times more than 4G.

Compared to 4G, 5G uses new transmission frequencies, around 3.5 GHz and 26 GHz, whose range is shorter, which involves more antennas. According to opponents of 5G, the use of these frequencies would cause an increased risk of cancer, genetic and neurological damage. But 5G proponents argue that unlike 4G antennas which broadcast by area and spray everyone, the 5G antenna will connect to and target only someone using 5G service; those who do not use 5G service will not receive waves or anything, which would considerably limit exposure to electromagnetic radiation.

HEALTH AT RISK

5G and health arouse many fantasies that are reminiscent of the fears that accompanied the start of passenger transport by rail. One could have the cruelty to recall on this subject the parliamentary intervention, in 1836, of the great scientist François Arago, who was only repeating the dominant medical literature of the time  , on the dangers of the railway for the health of travellers.

While it is relatively easy to demonstrate the toxicity to human health of such and such a technology, it is much more difficult to provide proof of its harmlessness. Indeed, on July 1, 2020, before the Senate, Oliver Merckel, speaking about 5G on behalf of the National Health Security Agency (Anses)  , indicated: “We cannot demonstrate that there is no of risks, we will never be able […] science cannot give a completely clear-cut answer to these questions. “. And he underlined that for all mobile telephony, whether 2G, 3G, 4G or 5G, the main danger did not come from the antennas but from the telephone “due to the proximity of this source of radio frequency emission by relationship to the body.

For now, there are few studies on the impact of 5G on health, and their conclusions vary according to their sponsors; however, the majority of them would seem rather to show that 5G would be either less harmful than the current 4G, or, at worst, just as harmful but in a different way. The World Health Organization (WHO) itself has a contradictory communication on the subject. On the one hand, she states: “During the last thirty years, approximately 25,000 scientific articles have been published on the biological effects and medical applications of electromagnetic radiation. Based on an in-depth review of the scientific literature, the WHO has concluded that the current data in no way confirms the existence of health effects resulting from exposure to low intensity electromagnetic fields. Nevertheless,4 ; on the other, it classifies these waves as possible carcinogens.

This is why for 5G as for any new technology, it depends on knowing where the cursor of the precautionary principle is placed, but also on developing public means of expertise and monitoring that are truly independent of lobbies of all kinds.

 5g service near me , a5g networks , visible 5g , 5g types , best 5g network 2021 , 5g at home , truth about 5g , fastest 5g network , 5g for home internet , 5 g network , visible wireless 5g , verizon 5g slow , 5g cu , largest 5g network , verizon 5g ultra wideband , 5g internet for home , stand alone 5g , 5g wireless , 5g mm wave , best 5g network in my area , fastest 5g network in the world , shaw 5g , home 5g internet , 5g home internet , 5 g internet , private 5g , 5g ghz , types of 5g , 5g home , 3gpp 5g , will 5g replace wifi , ultra wideband 5g , 5g 3gpp , 5g service , 5g network near me , firstnet 5g , marvell 5g , 5g explained , 5g fixed wireless , 5g ultra wideband , verizon 5g cost , intel 5g , 5g wireless internet , gsma 5g , what 5g , 5g internet , tmobile 5g network , 5g service near me , a5g networks , visible 5g , 5g types , best 5g network 2021 , 5g at home , truth about 5g , fastest 5g network , 5g for home internet , 5 g network , visible wireless 5g , verizon 5g slow , 5g cu , largest 5g network , verizon 5g ultra wideband , 5g internet for home , stand alone 5g , 5g wireless , 5g mm wave , best 5g network in my area , fastest 5g network in the world , shaw 5g , home 5g internet , 5g home internet , 5 g internet , private 5g , 5g ghz , types of 5g , 5g home , 3gpp 5g , will 5g replace wifi , ultra wideband 5g , 5g 3gpp , 5g service , 5g network near me , firstnet 5g , marvell 5g , 5g explained , 5g fixed wireless , 5g ultra wideband , verizon 5g cost , intel 5g , 5g wireless internet , gsma 5g , what 5g , best 5g network , 5g internet , verizon wireless 5g , verizon 5g wifi ,

At present, 5G appears to be energy-intensive and consumer of rare earths. But this is specific to the entire digital ecosystem, whose gross impact on global warming is growing exponentially. However, this gross impact must be qualified by a relative impact, because digital technology also allows significant savings in energy and raw materials. Thus, telework will generate a transfer of electricity consumption from the company to households, and at the same time it saves transport by car, by bus. Similarly, hasn’t the development of e-commerce vis-à-vis supermarkets ultimately an overall positive energy balance? Is visiting Venice in virtual immersion thanks to 5G worse or better for the ecology than making the physical trip? Ditto for the predictive maintenance tools that 5G will make possible.

This is why it is necessary to provide global assessments and indicators that do not only take digital and 5G into account in isolation. A serious analysis must take into account the question of the reuse of the heat produced by data centers, telecom equipment and the massive production of carbon-free electricity because, whether we like it or not, the increase in the population world implies an increase in the consumption of electricity… except to find it normal that billions of humans are deprived of this energy. In addition, we must continue efforts to fight against planned obsolescence, as does the sector of refurbished smartphones, and for the optimization of algorithms so that they are less greedy in computing power.

If 5G should not be deployed without the preservation of the environment being an imperative of its specifications, it is not in itself ecocide and can even be part of the solution.

A QUESTION ABOVE ALL POLITICAL AND GEOPOLITICAL

Another concern emerges, that of the increase in video surveillance of society. This political problem had already been posed with regard to the use of current technologies (video surveillance, drones, facial recognition, geolocation, “Googling”, management of medical data by GAFA, use of graphs of social relations on social networks …). 5G does not imply a qualitative change in the problem, but it raises the question of going beyond the protection of personal data by moving on to collective protection and rights to be asserted over the data and their algorithmic exploitation. In the United States, for example, 5G technologies are several years behind China (Huawei, ZTE), South Korea (Samsung) and Europe (Ericsson, Nokia-Alcatel). , and to block Koreans and Europeans, campaigns are launched covertly via NGOs and certain media accusing 5G of being dangerous for health, ecocide and draconian.

The objective of the United States is therefore to delay, mainly in Europe, the deployment of 5G to have time to catch up on their technological backwardness and impose their equipment as an international standard.

5G AND CYBERPIRACY

Those who predict that after covid the next planetary catastrophe will be a global paralysis of computer systems by a viral cyberattack are probably not wrong. That said, 5G did not invent the risks associated with cyber piracy, cyber terrorism and cyber crimes. Of course, it will mechanically aggravate them by the gigantic volume of data that will pass through it, but without changing its fundamental nature. So that would rather be an additional reason to take these risks seriously, and to make them a major national defense issue by creating a new branch of our army, in the same way as the air force, the army of land and sea.

CONSIDERABLE GAINS FOR IT

The gains of 5G compared to 4G in speed, latency time and number of connections per square kilometer should allow the generalization of autonomous or semi-autonomous vehicles, an acceleration of robotization and the use of big data coupled with the intelligence, especially in industry.

In terms of health, in addition to telemedicine and telesurgery applications, some are already imagining equipping our body with sensors that continuously transmit information, thus making it possible to carry out preventive medicine, a bit like we already do preventive maintenance of engines. of plane. This could prevent or avoid a number of strokes, heart attacks… But there too the legislator will have to intervene to avoid socially toxic uses of its data flows by insurers, bankers and HRDs. Similarly, with regard to the ecological and social impact, both positive and negative, the use of 5G by the entertainment and 5G culture industries: video games, e-sport, virtual tourism, etc. will have to be assessed and regulated by the legislator.

What telecom operators are currently installing is more like 4G+ than 5G: they continue to use the core of 4G networks while gradually adding 5G antennas. True 5G with a dedicated network infrastructure would probably be operational in 2023-2025, with the theoretical possibility of connecting one million objects per square kilometer.

It is not 5G in itself that will revolutionize the world, but a technological convergence that will first be felt in companies: the “distributed cloud”, “edge computing”, that is to say i.e. the storage and analysis of data as close as possible to use and needs, artificial intelligence, augmented reality and virtual reality, robotization as well as the connected object industry. The networking of these technologies was blocked by the limited speeds of 4G. All these technologies will gradually feed off each other to amplify the potential of the digital transformation of production and trade methods. Potentially, this convergence could bring advances that we cannot even imagine today in the fields of health. , energy  , industrial production  , waste management, transport, ecology, civil protection. connected to 5G . This is why, if we want an industrial renaissance in our country based on distributed production units that can be adapted to needs, the deployment of 5G and the connection technologies that will succeed it is essential. On the other hand, such land-use planning choices cannot be left to private operators and the “invisible hand of the market”. Hence the need to create a national sector within the framework of European cooperation around telecoms, including public service operators, equipment manufacturers, electronic components, cybersecurity and applications.

For 5G as for other issues, the State and local authorities must not implement the public policies that companies want to sell them, but on the contrary companies must put themselves at the service of the political choices made. by the government and the territorial executives.

FREQUENCY AUCTION AND DEPLOYMENT CALENDAR

To work, 5G will use a range of frequencies that until now have been reserved for military use. The government, via the Electronic Communications Regulatory Authority, auctioned off the operating licenses for these frequencies for fifteen years from telecom operators: Orange, Bouygues, Free and SFR, with the obligation to comply with minimum specifications and a deployment schedule.

Apart from the fact that through these auctions a common public good is sold, leaving the realization of 5G within the framework of competition, without consistency of sector, to private operators 10 essentially motivated by profit and the remuneration of shareholders does not offer no guarantee of equal coverage of the territories by this new mode of telecommunication. The French delay in the deployment of very high-speed fiber optics shows this.

Lacking strategic vision, mastery of the sector and public tools such as a nationalized telecom operator or telecom authorities, 5G, instead of being a lever for reducing territorial inequalities, risks becoming an accelerator of Numeric fraction. The auction system means that the optimal valuation of frequencies takes precedence over regional development.

 5g service near me , a5g networks , visible 5g , 5g types , best 5g network 2021 , 5g at home , truth about 5g , fastest 5g network , 5g for home internet , 5 g network , visible wireless 5g , verizon 5g slow , 5g cu , largest 5g network , verizon 5g ultra wideband , 5g internet for home , stand alone 5g , 5g wireless , 5g mm wave , best 5g network in my area , fastest 5g network in the world , shaw 5g , home 5g internet , 5g home internet , 5 g internet , private 5g , 5g ghz , types of 5g , 5g home , 3gpp 5g , will 5g replace wifi , ultra wideband 5g , 5g 3gpp , 5g service , 5g network near me , firstnet 5g , marvell 5g , 5g explained , 5g fixed wireless , 5g ultra wideband , verizon 5g cost , intel 5g , 5g wireless internet , gsma 5g , what 5g , 5g internet , tmobile 5g network , 5g service near me , a5g networks , visible 5g , 5g types , best 5g network 2021 , 5g at home , truth about 5g , fastest 5g network , 5g for home internet , 5 g network , visible wireless 5g , verizon 5g slow , 5g cu , largest 5g network , verizon 5g ultra wideband , 5g internet for home , stand alone 5g , 5g wireless , 5g mm wave , best 5g network in my area , fastest 5g network in the world , shaw 5g , home 5g internet , 5g home internet , 5 g internet , private 5g , 5g ghz , types of 5g , 5g home , 3gpp 5g , will 5g replace wifi , ultra wideband 5g , 5g 3gpp , 5g service , 5g network near me , firstnet 5g , marvell 5g , 5g explained , 5g fixed wireless , 5g ultra wideband , verizon 5g cost , intel 5g , 5g wireless internet , gsma 5g , what 5g , best 5g network , 5g internet , verizon wireless 5g , verizon 5g wifi ,

The question is therefore not to oppose 5G in itself, but to put its use at the service of human development in the territories, within the framework of public and citizen control integrated into a digital strategy. global low carbon, drastic compliance with electromagnetic radiation standards associated with strict monitoring of the possible health effects of 5G.

 

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

Ads Blocker Image Powered by Code Help Pro

Ads Blocker Detected!!!

We have detected that you are using extensions to block ads. Please support us by disabling these ads blocker.